The Fascinating World of Żylandor: Exploring Poland’s Enchanting Christmas Tradition

Poland is a country with a rich culture, and one of its most enchanting traditions is the Żylandor. A Żylandor is a miniature world that depicts a Christmas scene, and it usually includes a nativity scene, a festive market, or a winter landscape. The tradition of Żylandors has been around in Poland for over a century, and it is still popular to this day. In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of Żylandors and discover why they are an important part of Polish Christmas traditions.

History of Żylandors

The tradition of Żylandors dates back to the early 20th century when a man named Stefan Szczesny created the first Żylandor in Krakow. Szczesny’s Żylandor was a small Christmas village, and it quickly became popular among the locals. Over time, the tradition of creating Żylandors spread throughout Poland, and it became a popular pastime during the holiday season.

In the early days, Żylandors were created using whatever materials were available. Some were made from wood, while others were made from cardboard or paper. However, as the tradition became more popular, people began to invest in high-quality materials and accessories to create more elaborate Żylandors.

The Making of a Żylandor

Creating a Żylandor is a time-consuming process that requires patience and skill. First, the creator must decide on the theme of their Żylandor. Some popular themes include nativity scenes, winter landscapes, or festive markets.

Next, the creator must choose the right materials for their Żylandor. This includes everything from the miniature buildings and trees to the figurines and accessories. Many Żylandors are created using plastic or resin materials, while others are made from wood or clay.

Once the materials have been chosen, the creator must begin to assemble the Żylandor. This involves constructing the buildings, placing the figurines, and arranging the accessories to create a cohesive scene. Many creators also add lighting and sound effects to bring their Żylandors to life.

Żylandors Today

Today, Żylandors are still an important part of Polish Christmas traditions. They are often displayed in homes, churches, and public spaces throughout the holiday season. In recent years, Żylandors have also become popular tourist attractions, with visitors from around the world coming to see the elaborate displays.

In addition to traditional Żylandors, there are also new, modern takes on the tradition. Some creators are incorporating technology into their Żylandors, using LED lights and sound effects to create immersive experiences. Others are experimenting with new themes and ideas to keep the tradition fresh and exciting.

The Żylandor is an enchanting Christmas tradition that has captivated people in Poland for over a century. From the early days of using makeshift materials to the modern era of high-tech displays, Żylandors have continued to evolve and inspire. Whether you’re a seasoned creator or a first-time viewer, there is something magical about the miniature world of a Żylandor, and it is a tradition that is sure to continue for many years to come.


  • Polish Christmas Traditions –
  • Żylandor: The Miniature World of Christmas –
  • The history of Żylandors –

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